The Russian capital, Moscow, while providing a great choice of travel experiences can also be somewhat tiring. So to give your soul a rest, we suggest you to visit one the most fascinating historical places in Russia – Sergiev Posad. It is only 70 km from the capital city and is famous for its churches and museums, that deserve the most detailed attention.
Sergiev Posad Lavra – the Most Important Russia Monastery
Seven centuries ago Sergius of Radonezh, the gatherer of Russian lands, founded a monastery that is known today as Trinity Sergius Lavra. Here, in a secluded place, he laboured spiritually. Later on, the place attracted other people that started to live nearby. These first settlements were all gathered together and the provincial depth of the country became the gem and ‘gateway’ of Russia Golden Ring cities.
Today this place is known under so many different names, we shall name a few to dispel any doubts about it: Sergiev Posad Monastery, Trinity Zagorsk Monastery or simply Trinity Lavra – they all mean the same monastery. And it’s official name is the Holy Trinity St. Sergius Lavra.
The ancient town is located 70 km from Moscow. It can reached by commuter train, by car or by bus.
The easiest way to get to Sergiev Posad Russia is by taking a train. From the Yaroslavsky Train Station in Moscow, the trains depart about every half an hour. In just an hour and a half, you can behold a fairy-tale miracle. From the horizon we see the shine of golden cupolas that mesmerizes. The 88-metre five-layered bell tower heads towards the azure sky. This is the spiritual centre of the Orthodox Christianity in Russia.
Throughout the vast Russian territory there are only 4 monasteries that were honored with a Lavra status and the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius is considered to be the most important of all. ‘Lavra’ stands for a large and important monastery that plays a special role in the history of Russian clergy.
The Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius is the birthplace of many historical events that had crucially influenced the further fate of Russia. At all times, tsars favoured the monastery. It is associated with the names of Ivan the Terrible and Peter the Great. Here, Sergius of Radonezh blessed the prince Dmitry Donskoy and his army for the battle with Mamai, the Khan of the Golden Horde.
To get some truly unforgettable experience from the visit to Sergiev Posad Russia, you may wish to consider the Trinity Monastery Tour with one of our professional Moscow tour guides.
We offer this tour by commuter train too, which is a lot of fun and will help you get an unforgettable Russian local experience!
The best masters of 15-19 centuries worked on the white-stone architectural ensemble. The iconostasis is painted by such famous iconographers as Daniil Chyorny and Andrei Rublev (painted the world-known icon ‘The Holy Trinity’).
The largest building of the monastery is the Assumption Cathedral. Its architecture is inspired by the Assumption Cathedral in Moscow, which you can visit during our Moscow Kremlin Tour. The church is a UNESCO World Heritage site and is considered to be the biggest active monastery in Russia.
The territory of the Lavra possesses another important historical marvel: the oldest institution in Russia, Moscow Theological Academy.
Sergiev Posad Museums
Peasant Life Museum
The Lavra, however, is not the only historical beauty to be witnessed in Segiev Posad. The town is full of precious and little-known museums off the beaten track. Our Moscow tour guides are ready to reveal all the secrets of this marvellous little town.
During your visit to the Peasant Life Museum, you will see not only painted samovars, multi-coloured trays and other peasants utensils, but also a real epic oven that is a very frequent character of ancient Russian folk tales. You will also have a chance to witness the paintings of the museum’s owner and works of other Russian artists.
After your Sergiev Posad visit you will probably admit that the most touching and heartfelt place was the Peasant Life Museum. Its owner, a senior man, a real artist, Victor Bagrov, prefers to lead excursions himself. He picks exhibits from the shelves and tells their history in small and interesting details. A truly memorable moment it is. The place smothers us with its love and history and we feel something incredibly warm inside.
Sergiev Posad Toy Museum
Since Sergyiev Posad is considered the capital of the puppet “kingdom”, where else can the only Toy Institute in Russia be located? This place is known to be the birthplace of the famous matryoshka doll (also known as a Russian nesting doll). Bright, painted in all possible ways, they astonish the boldest imagination. You can visit the Sergiev Posad Toy Museum on the Volokusha mountain opposite the Lavra. Charming, naïve Bogorod toys, all kinds of dolls, thousands of toys of world’s nations will fill your heart with warmth and will definitely make you smile.
The Sergiev Posad Peasant Life and Toy Museums are off the Monastery grounds and usually not included to any regular Sergiev Posad Tour provided by Moscow travel agencies. If you wish to visit any of them, you need to request that upfront.
Back to the Holy Trinity Lavra – the Religious Center of Russia
The Lavra possesses many historically precious and unusual exhibits; the most ancient icons, golden and silver masterpieces, folk-art marvels, outstanding painting and many more.
You will feel the flood of impressions, coming from the depth of the centuries. Nice emotional excitement will be complemented by a visit to one of the cafés that serve to different tastes. You will be offered hot meals that will be served in vivid folk costumes. Pleasant fatigue will fade away and you can continue to explore one of the oldest cities of ancient Russia. Get away from the bustling, chaotic life flow of Moscow, by taking Trinity Monastery of St.Sergius Tour, and relax your mind and soul while submerging into the history of this incredible place.